Narcolepsy (part 5)

… continued from previous four articles on narcolepsy, where in the previous one some pharmacological treatments were mentioned.

In this week’s article, I will briefly elaborate on the pharmacological treatments topic by disucssing their side effects.

Medication and their side effects: (1)

1. Modafinil (Provigil®):

The side effects of Modafinil (Provigil®) on one’s body are headaches, dizziness and nausea.

headache-triggers-woman
Headaches
(2. Herr, n.d.)

2. Dexamphetamine sulphate:

The side effects of Dexamphetamine sulphate on the body are hallucinations, difficulty sleeping, anxiety and stomach aches.

Loss of Night’s Sleep may Cause Damage to Brain
Difficulty getting sleep
(3. TopNews Network, 2014)

3. Methylphenidate

Similarly to Dexamphetamine sulphate, for Methylphenidate the side effects are hallucinations, difficulty sleeping, mood swings and stomach aches.

Hallucinations
(4. The Conversation, 2015)

4. Amphetamines

Amphetamines cause one to experience the following side effects: increased blood pressure, anorexia and nervousness. Anorexia as we know can be life threatening and blood pressure can cause many more problems which again can also be life threatening if left untreated.

Increased Blood Pressure
(5. NHS Choices, 2015)

5. Sodium Oxybate (Xyrem®)

Sodium Oxybate (Xyrem®) has the same side effects as Modafinil (Provigil®); headaches, dizziness and nausea.

Dizziness
(6. Home Remedies, n.d.)

6. Clomipramine hydrochloride

Clomipramine hydrochloride causes blurred vision, dryness of the mouth and constipation.

Blurred vision
(7. CBSNews.com, n.d.)

7. Antidepressants- (selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors- SSRIs)

These cause one to experience: diarrhoea, dizziness and nausea.

 

nausea
Nausea
(8. Healthhype.com, n.d.)
Diarrhoea
(9. Special Focus, n.d.)

Benefits of these medications:

The benefits of amphetamines and Dexamphetamine sulphate are that they motivate you to perform a task and wakefulness. This is beneficial the automatic behaviour and fatigue.

Also, after my research on narcolepsy, I came across an article about a ‘Smart drug’, which is taken by students to “enhance performance for revising and exams”(10. Knapton, 2015). This ‘Smart drug’ is known as Modafinil (Provigil®) which has the same benefits as mentioned for the other two drugs. Scientists however, are still having an ethical debate about whether “Modafinil should be ‘condoned or condemned.'”(10. Knapton, 2015).

To be continued…

References:
  1. http://www.narcolepsy.org.uk/about-narcolepsy/treating-narcolepsy. (2016). Treating Narcolepsy. [online] Available at: http://www.narcolepsy.org.uk/about-narcolepsy/treating-narcolepsy [Accessed 17 Mar. 2016].
  2. Herr, L. (n.d.). 11 Surprising Headache Triggers. [image] Available at: http://www.health.com/health/gallery/0,,20456714,00.html [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].
  3. TopNews Network, (2014). Loss of Night’s Sleep may Cause Damage to Brain. [image] Available at: https://topnews.ae/content/219983-loss-night-s-sleep-may-cause-damage-brain [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].
  4. The Conversation, (2015). Hallucinations? They may just be caused by a fold in the brain. [image] Available at: http://theconversation.com/hallucinations-they-may-just-be-caused-by-a-fold-in-the-brain-51141 [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].
  5. NHS Choices, (2015). If you already have high blood pressure (chronic hypertension). [image] Available at: http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/pregnancy-and-baby/pages/hypertension-blood-pressure-pregnant.aspx [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].
  6. Home Remedies, (n.d.). Home Remedies for Dizziness. [image] Available at: http://www.remedyportal.com/home-remedies-dizziness/ [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].
  7. CBSNews.com, (n.d.). Double Vision. [image] Available at: http://www.cbsnews.com/pictures/fatigue-blurry-vision-could-you-have-multiple-sclerosis/3/ [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].
  8. Healthhype.com, (n.d.). Nausea and Hunger Sensations Causes and Conditions. [image] Available at: http://www.healthhype.com/nausea-and-hunger-sensations-causes-and-conditions.html [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].
  9. Special Focus, (n.d.). Diarrhoea: Hydration Is Key to Treatment. [image] Available at: http://www.healthxchange.com.sg/healthyliving/SpecialFocus/Pages/Diarrhoea-Hydration-Is-Key-to-Treatment.aspx [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].
  10. Knapton, S. (2015). ‘Smart drug’ taken by one in four students really does boost performance. [online] Telegraph.co.uk. Available at: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/news/science/science-news/11812682/Smart-drug-taken-by-one-in-four-students-really-does-boost-performance.html [Accessed 30 Mar. 2016].

 

 

 

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